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Hinduism

KS1 Hinduism

God

Belief in one God (Brahman) represented in many different images and characters


Key figures

Krishna

Lakshmi

Ganesh


Place of worship: Mandir

Building where Hindus meet

Puja 

Arti ceremony

Symbols and artefacts (aum/om)

People with a special role


Holy Books

Many holy books

Stories from the Ramayana (Rama and Sita)

Childhood of Krishna

Hindu way of life

Hindus believe in:

• Love and loyalty between all members of the extended family

• The community as a family

Key festival:

• Divali

KS2 Hinduism

God

God is worshipped in many forms, including Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva

The concept of avatars


Place of worship: Mandir

Artefacts and symbols - lotus flower, swastika, colour saffron

Role of divine images (murti) in worship

Yoga, meditation and mantra

Music, dance and drama

Rangoli, mehndi patterns


Holy books

The Vedas, including the Upanishads

Bhagavad Gita

Stories with a moral...


Hindu way of life

Hindu values and rituals are learnt in the home:

  • samskars (rituals of birth, initiation, marriage and death)

 


Hindus respect:

  • God
  • other people
  • the cow and all forms of life 


Hindus believe in:

  • four different stages of life (ashramas)
  • the endless cycle of creation, preservation and destruction
  • reincarnation (the cycle of birth and death), karma, rebirth 


Key festivals:

  • birthdays of Rama (Ramnavami) and Krishna (Janmashtami)
  • Raksha Bandhan
  • Holi 


Sacred place of pilgrimage:

  • Varanasi
  • source of the Ganges 


KS3 Hinduism

God

The nature of God, seen both as an abstract force or life-giving energy, and as a personal deity in human form, present in all life including the natural world (Chandogya Upanishad)


Key figures

Mahatma Ghandi

Swami Vivekananda

Sadhus (holy men)


Place of Worship: Mandir and Shrines

Symbolism and design of the mandir as expressions of religious belief

Puja, actions and their meaning

Worship in the home; worship in the temple - practice and purpose


Holy books

The Vedas – Shruti, eternal truths

The Upanishads

Mahabharata and Ramayana

The Puranas

Vedanta - commentaries


Hindu way of life

A central concept in understanding Hinduism as a way of life is Dharma, linked to the law of Karma

Sanatana dharma: ahimsa (non-violence), and varnashram dharma (laws and duties)


Hinduism teaches belief in the sacredness of all forms of life and their interconnectedness which affects the Hindu view on:

  • social responsibility 
  • suffering
  • the environment
  • war and peace
  • wealth and poverty


Key festivals:

  • Maha Shrivatri – winter festival to Shiva
  • Navaratri – nine days 


Pilgrimage:

  • Hardwar, famous for the Kumbha Mela (every twelve years) 

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