Learning About the Holocaust
English and Literacy in Key Stages 2 and 3
On this page you will find resources for teaching English and literacy in Key Stages 2 and 3 of the UK National Curriculum.
In Key Stages 2 and 3, these resources are suitable for teacher-assessed work, and can be part of wider cross-curricular activities or projects.
English is a compulsory (core) subject of study within Key Stages 2 and 3 of the National Curriculum.
Literacy is (like numeracy and ICT) not a discrete subject so much as a method or approach to study.
In Key Stage 2, schools in England and Wales spend an hour a day on focused literacy work.
In Key Stage 3 schools have more discretion in deciding how to promote literacy through curriculum subjects - the current strategy is meant to support appropriate communication through reading and writing in all subjects, not just English.
Visitors who work in education systems outside England and Wales (or no system at all) can use these activities or adapt them, for use in your own schemes of work.
If you are not a native or first-language user of English, then you may combine study of Anne Frank with learning to use English.
Word and Sentence Level Work
The diary provides many possibilities for the use of extracts to study words, phrases, clauses and sentences.
Because of the subject matter, there will also be opportunities to study meanings of words and phrases in context, and language change - are there words in the diary (translated some time after Anne wrote the original) which seem old-fashioned?
There are several English translations available in print, so children could compare an older one (such as B.M. Mooyart's from 1952) with a modern one (such as Mirjam Pressler's 1995 version).
Text Level Work
Pupils may explore many of the text level objectives, particularly those relating to non-fiction texts, using extracts from the diary.
The table of extracts on this page may be useful for choosing appropriate sections.
Possible activities relating back to objectives for years 5 and 6 of the National Literacy Strategy are noted.
There are so many possibilities that the list only provides a small sample.
The UK National Literacy Strategy refers frequently to the study of recount and diary entries - Anne Frank's diary and texts derived from it are well suited to such investigation.
A videotape copy of the film may be useful for comparison between the diary in print form and the feature film adaptation.
Those who do not have time to study the whole diary in detail can use the Macdonalds Historical Storybook: Anne Frank: The Last Days of Freedom by Roy Apps (Paperback - 46 pages, Hodder Wayland, 1998; ISBN: 075002111X).
A more ambitious task would be to compare an extract from the original diary (in English translation) with the adapted version in Roy Apps book, considering how the differences reflect such things as:
Extracts to Study
You may like to use the table below to find literacy tasks appropriate to particular episodes in the diary.
The numbers in parenthesis (brackets) refer to targets in the National Literacy Strategy for England and Wales.
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